Workpackages 2 - Research

WP 2.08: Rules, Regulations, Policy and Governance

The main objective of WP 2.08 was to develop a number of cases showing the environmental impact of geothermal exploration and exploitation in a multi-temporal and spatial context.

In the development of geothermal energy potential in Indonesia there are many issues that play a role, and these are not only technical. Although the Indonesian Government is strongly supporting the geothermal energy development there are a number of policy and governance issues that are still biased to fossil fuel and give rise to confusion.

The division of power between central and local governments is another source of confusion, where procedures for fossil fuel remain centralized whereas procedures for geothermal energy are largely delegated to local governments. Encouraging provincial and district governments to develop geothermal energy is a big challenge, as expertise and understanding of tender processes, energy scenarios and energy development is limited (WWF-Indonesia, 2012)

Geothermal energy development in Indonesia is facing an additional challenge because much of the development is likely to take place in important forest areas. More than 40 % of the potential resources are located in protected forest areas. There seems to be a contradiction between the wish to develop geothermal energy as an important alternative to the use of fossil fuel, and the existing rules and regulations of the different government agencies.

Under this work package there are two PhD students working of different research themes: 

  • Jarot Mulyo Semedi : Quantifying the spatial-temporal impact of geothermal development on ecosystem services in Indonesia
  • Astisiasari : Landslide Hazard Assessment from Soil Perspectives in Dieng Geothermal Area


Below are the publication under this work package 

Muhammad and Saepuloh (2016) The Effectiveness of Hydrothermal Alteration Mapping based on Hyperspectral Data in Tropical Region

Pradipta, Saepuloh and Suryantini (2016) Geology Structure Identification based on Polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) Data and Field Based Observation at Ciwidey Geothermal Field

Jarot etal (2016) Developing a framework for assessing the impact of geothermal development phases on ecosystem services

Astisiasari (2016) Basic overview towards the assessment of landslide and subsidence  risks along a geothermal pipeline network

Yu (2017) A life cycle assessment based comparison of large & small scale geo-thermal electricity production systems