In the development of geothermal energy potential in Indonesia there are many issues that play a role, and these are not only technical issues. Although the Indonesian Government is strongly supporting the geothermal energy development there are a number of policy and governance issues that are still biased to fossil fuel and give rise to confusion. There seems to be a contradiction between the wish to develop geothermal energy as an important alternative to the use of fossil fuel, and the existing rules and regulations of the different government agencies. The division of power between central and local governments is another source of confusion, where procedures for fossil fuel remain centralized whereas procedures for geothermal energy are largely delegated to local governments. Encouraging provincial and district governments to develop geothermal energy is a big challenge, as expertise and understanding of tender processes, energy scenarios and energy development is limited (WWF-Indonesia, 2012).
This work package geared towards the development of a training module special emphasis will be given to these aspects because it will greatly enhance the spatial planning, management and decision making process for geothermal energy development. Besides that this work package also aimed to analyse existing rules and regulations and develop SEA implementation guidelines that contribute to the harmonization of societal and environmental considerations in the field of geothermal energy.
In this work package a training module on "SEA for Sustainable Geothermal Energy Development" was developed.
This training was delivered by:
- Joan Looijen (University of Twente)
- Triarko Nurlambang (Universitas Indonesia)
- Raymond Nijmeijer (University of Twente)
- Dyah Rahmawati Hizbaron (Universitas Gadjah Mada)
The general objectives of the proposed training are to:
- understand the principles, concepts and procedures in SEA and the integration in the planning process;
- gain knowledge on relevant laws and regulations on SEA in Indonesia
- distinguish GTE Policy and Plan objectives
- appreciate stakeholder involvement at different stages in the GTE plan and SEA process;
- identify key elements, strategic issues, SEA objectives and indicators
- formulate relevant strategic alternatives and options for GTE development
- determine optimal locations for GTE development
- demonstrate a transparent planning and decision making process;
More information on this training can be found in the GEOCAP Handbook